When you enter the world of wigs or toupees/toppers, you are faced with a multitude of new words and characteristics; here you will find some definitions that might help you.
Thickener / Microlinea: A term used for a wig or topper that gives the ability to pull one’s hair out through the base, integrating it with the hair of the thickening system.
Topper or Toupet: It only covers the top of the head and has different sizes, depending on the level of baldness you are experiencing. It is fixed to healthy and thick hair with pressure clips (specific clips), so it is important to carefully evaluate your type of hair loss.
1/2 wig: A partial wig or a toupee / topper that covers half the head
3/4 wig: A partial wig or a toupee / topper that covers 3/4 of the head
Wig: It covers the whole head and can have many features, depending on the need. To find out more, read the “Construction” section.
Machine Made: The structure of the wig is machine made, this allows for good ventilation even in the hottest months and greatly reduces the price. The top can be opened or closed with a breathable material.
Lace Front or Tulle Cinema: It is the front part of a wig or a topper, in which the hair is hand-knotted on a tulle base, giving the illusion that the hair grows directly from your head. This is a very delicate part of the wig, so be careful not to pull it too hard and not to scratch it, to prevent it from taking strange folds or getting damaged / torn.
Vortex Monofilament: Section in the middle of the wig with a shape that resembles a half moon, consisting of a small part of monofilament.
Line Monofilament: Section of the wig where you can see the line with a “skin effect”. Most of the wigs that fall into this category have the parting on the left but in some cases you can also find the parting in the center or the parting on the left.
Monofilament: The monofilament consists of a very small mesh fabric on which the hair is knotted one by one or two at a time and is located on the upper part of the head, where the parting is normally done. It is a technique that gives the wig naturalness and allows you to part where you want, giving the illusion that the hair is growing right from your head. The material is almost invisible to the naked eye and highly breathable. All these characteristics are the result of highly specialized and long manual work, which is also reflected in the price of this type of product.
Double Monofilament: A layer of silk-like material is added under the monofilament, a feature that gives the wig or topper extra comfort, especially when in contact with a “naked” skin.
100% Handmade: Refers to a wig entirely handmade, from the monofilament top to the rest of the cap. This type of wig is the most comfortable because it is elastic and can be stretched in 4 different directions. It can take a person up to 40 hours to create such a wig.
Elastic Size Adjustment: Elastic bands located on the nape that serve to adjust the circumference of the wig according to the wearer’s head.
Sideburns (Ear tabs): The part of the wig that is in front of the ears near the temple, a sort of “tongue” that may have a small iron wire inside that can be bent to make it adhere perfectly to the head. It can have an open construction (ideal for those who wear glasses) or it can be covered with a breathable material, an imitation velvet or polyurethane; this depends on the model you choose.
Polyurethane (PU): A thermoplastic polymer used as a base for wigs, toppers and prostheses that allows anchoring through tape or glue.
Pressure Sensitive Clips (toupee clips, extensions etc.): Coated metal clips, used to anchor toupees, wigs and even extensions to existing and healthy hair. They can cause traction, so care must be taken to assess the condition of your hair correctly.
Wig Density: A measure of the proximity of the fibers applied to the wig or toupee, i.e. how many hairs there are in one square inch.
Knots: Technique with which the hair is fixed to the cap, to the monofilament and to the lace front (or tulle).
Color Code: International classification of colors, composed of a set of numbers and letters and which can be coupled with a name that explains the color to non-experts.
Natural Hair or Real Hair: These are generic terms to indicate hair collected from donations. They can have different origins and characteristics.
Remy Natural Hair: Hair collected from donations with the foresight to maintain the alignment of the root-tip direction for all hair so that knots due to friction between cuticles that go in opposite directions are avoided. This process is more time consuming but results in a better overall hair appearance and higher quality.
Non-Remy Natural Hair: Hair collected from various donations and which cannot be guaranteed root-tip alignment. The hair cuticles are partially removed to avoid knots due to the inversion of the hair.
Virgin Hair: Real hair that has never been bleached and has not undergone any chemical process.
Synthetic Fiber: A synthetic fiber made up of a nylon base that is used in the creation of wigs, toppers and extensions. It is a cheaper and more practical alternative to real hair, since it reduces washing times and maintains the style despite the climatic conditions.
Kanekalon (fiber): A synthetic fiber composed of a petroleum base used for making wigs, toppers etc.
Heat Resistant Synthetic Fiber: A second generation synthetic fiber that can be styled with a moderate intensity of heat. These fibers are generally less shiny than traditional synthetic but also have a shorter lifespan.