The history of wigs can be said to be long, ancient Egypt and the ancient Roman Empire literature has been recorded. However, the popularity of the upper class in Europe is generally believed to be around 1620, Louis XIII used wig to cover his baldness, causing the nobles who frequent the court to follow suit, . Then wigs became popular in Europe, even women are wearing a variety of wigs to social occasions. By the 1760s, the fashion was spread to the British Isles by King Charles II.
Wigs were worn by all in ancient Egypt
For the ancient Egyptians, the wig was used to distinguish between the noble and low-class, with a strong political purpose and social significance. Different decorations symbolize different status and identity, so what kind of wig to wear, what kind of decoration used on the wig also has strict requirements.
The Curse of “Baldness” in Ancient Rome
Wigs were introduced from ancient Egypt to ancient Greece and ancient Rome, because people could not explain the natural physiological phenomenon of hair loss and baldness, and considered the image “ugly”. They attributed it to the curse of the gods, the punishment of the heavens. This imperfection in appearance rose to the level of spiritual impurity. Based on the importance of religious beliefs in the hearts of the people at that time, people would also consider bald and bald people as “evil”. So this public pressure also forced bald and balding people to wear wigs to avoid discrimination and ostracism.
The British and wigs
Wigs became popular among the English in the twelfth century, when wearing wigs was a trend among the upper classes. People wore wigs when they attended important and solemn occasions. The courtroom is also a serious and solemn place, so when the court is in session judges and lawyers will wear wigs, in order to show the solemnity of the scene.
The wig once became a symbol of seniority and experience of judges and lawyers, the older the wig, the more senior the judge or lawyer, as in the hospital some of the most experienced old professionals are in demand. So some people, trying to make their credentials look more reliable, deliberately make the wig old to win trust.
Misunderstanding of wigs caused by Louis XIII
The first to start the “wig wave” in Europe was the French King Louis XIII, and he wore a wig to cover the scars on his head. In order to please the king, the ministers followed suit and wigs were worn.
The love for wigs reached a climax during the reign of Louis XIV. Louis XIV was suffering from syphilis, which led to hair loss, so he chose to wear a wig. He hired 48 wigmakers to make 45 types of wigs for himself, for different occasions, and had to hold several hair changing ceremonies in one day. It was he who combined the wig with the externalization of authority, making it a symbol of power and gaining a status more intimidating than other costumes.