A lace wig or a lace front wig is a special type of hairpiece or wig in which human hair or synthetic hair is tied by hand to a sheer lace base which goes over the scalp.
They also have different functions in different periods：
- Before Christ
Wigs have been used since antiquity as hairstyles and costumes; ancient Egyptians wore wigs to shield their shaved heads from the sun. Wigs were kept in place by using beeswax and resin. Wigs were once made from horsehair, wool, buffalo hair or even feathers. Other ancient cultures, including the Assyrians, Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans, also used wigs as an everyday fashion.
- last century
By the late 1600s, both wigs and handmade lace headpieces were common with European and North American upper classes as daily fashion. Wigs were made of human, horse, and yak hair and sewn onto a frame with silken thread were meant to be obvious as wigs and not the wearer’s actual hair.
After the American Revolutionary War, wigs began to be used more to augment natural hair for elaborate hairstyles, for religious reasons, or to cover hair loss in both genders and therefore were required to blend with the wearer’s natural hair. The selling of human hair by the lower classes for use in wigs by the upper classes.
In the 19th century a new wig-making method appeared: a small hook called a “ventilating needle”, is used to knot a few strands of hair at a time directly to a suitable foundation material.
- 21st century
With the development of wig-making technology, wigs are used more widely. For example, wearers can take a bath, swim, and wear wigs to participate in vigorous sports. The lace wigs should be glued to people’s scalp, and the time should be moderately long.